Advanced Ceramics Group

Advanced ceramic group deals with wide aspects of shaping of ceramic materials both monolitic and composites (ceramic-ceramic, ceramic-polymer and ceramic-metal composites). Our research is focused on dense constructional and functional ceramics, porous ceramics designed for filtration, bioceramics used in medicine and dentistry, shear thickening fluids, ceramic microreactors and archeometry.

In our work we use shaping methods based on pressing as well as methods based on colloidal chemistry such as slip casting, gel casting, direct coagulation casting (DCC) and tape casting

Modern shaping methods require application of various organic and inorganic processing additives. These additives are intended to improve the shaping method itself or even are a decisive factor in the successfully application of shaping method. Frequently they also cause a great reduction in production costs of ceramic materials. Therefore, our study are focused on searching, designing and obtaining new and better processing additives that may enhanced the shaping process. So we can say that in our research we combine elements of inorganic and colloidal chemistry, organic synthesis and polymer technology.

In recognizing the need to care for our environment, the designed new organic processing additives meet the criteria for so-called green chemistry. In other words, they have to be friendly for us and for our environment at all stages of the production of ceramics. For this reason, we do extensive research on the synthesis and application of saccharides and their derivatives in fabrication of high-tech ceramic materials.

In recent years the Advanced Ceramics Team has also cooperated with many foreign centers such as the National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) in Japan, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research (EMPA) in Switzerland, Institute of Glass and Ceramics in Spain and the Institute for Problem of Materials Science in Ukraine.

Major reserach activities:

• Ferroelectric ceramic – polymer composites as new materials for elastic and tunable microwave sensors
• Design of functionally graded ceramic-metal composites
• Production of ceramic materials by gel-casting method using new water-soluble monomers
• Smart materials for human body protection based on shear thickening suspensions
• Research on photocurable polymeric dispersion for ceramics micro-reactors
• Ceramic inks for printing of electronic systems
• Research on utilization of saccharides derivatives in shaping of ceramic nanopowders and composite materials
• Multilayer ceramic materials obtained using in-situ polymerization
• Research on reconstruction of ceramic elements of architecture
• Archeometry
• Production technology of lightweight aggregates from fly ashes
• Recycling of polyolefin and polystyrene
• Production of ceramics aggregates from phosphogypsum and power station ashes

 

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